Getting charged with a crime in California is typically a stressful experience as many defendants don't have any prior experience dealing with the criminal justice system. Thus, their normal reaction is to seek answers for many questions about the type of crime there have been charged with.
In the state of California, there are different levels of crimes. These include infractions, misdemeanors, and felonies. Obviously, a felony charge is the most serious and carries much higher penalties . However, this page will examine in detail misdemeanor crimes and how courts and prosecutors handle these types of cases in the criminal case process.
There are also come California crimes that are commonly known as a “wobbler,” which can be charged by the prosecutor as either a misdemeanor or a felony. A prosecutor will normally base their decision on how to file on the circumstances of the case and defendant's criminal history.
In simple terms, a misdemeanor crime is less serious than a felony crime and doesn't carry any potential to be sentenced to a California state prison. A misdemeanor is described as a crime where the maximum sentence is no longer than one year in a county jail and a fine up to $1,000.
An aggravated misdemeanor is a crime can be punished by up to one year in a county jail and a fine of $1,000 or more. Also, anyone who was convicted of a misdemeanor can be placed on probation for three to five years. Misdemeanor cases can be filed by the Los Angeles City Attorney or the District Attorney's Office, depending on where exactly the crime occurred.
After you have been arrested for a misdemeanor case in California, then it will proceed through the normal stages in the criminal case process, including the arraignment, bail hearing, pretrial, and jury or bench trial. However, it should be noted the vast majority of misdemeanor cases never make it to the trial stage. Your defense lawyer could negotiate with the prosecutor to have the case dropped or come to an agreement on a plea bargain.
To give readers more useful information about misdemeanor crimes, our California criminal defense attorneys are providing an overview below.
Common California Misdemeanor Crimes
- Penal Code 240 – Assault,
- Penal Code 242 – Battery,
- Penal Code 314 – Indecent Exposure,
- Penal Code 484(a) – Petty Theft,
- Penal Code 459.5 – Shoplifting,
- Penal Code 243(e)(1) – Domestic Battery,
- Penal Code 273.6 – Violation of Restraining Order,
- Penal Code 415 – Disturbing the Peace,
- Penal Code 602 - Trespassing,
- Penal Code 647 – Disorderly Conduct,
- Penal Code 647(b) - Prostitution,
- Penal Code 647(f) – Public Intoxication,
- Penal Code 496 – Receiving Stolen Property,
- Vehicle Code 23152 – Driving Under the Influence,
- Vehicle Code 23103 – Reckless Driving,
- Vehicle Code 14601 – Driving on Suspended License,
- Health and Safety Code 11350 – Drug Possession.
The standard penalty for a misdemeanor crime is up to one year in county jail and/or a fine up to $1,000. However, unless the code states otherwise, any offense considered a misdemeanor will have county jail time of up to 6 months.
Many misdemeanor sentences provide for probation only and a fine or some community service time. There are a few misdemeanors that have fines up to $2,000. It should be noted that this list above does not include all California misdemeanor crimes, rather the most commonly charged.
Probation for a Misdemeanor Conviction
Anyone convicted of a misdemeanor offense is normally placed on probation and subjected to several conditions imposed by the criminal court judge. This includes jail time, court fines, community service, counseling classes, alcohol or drug classes, electronic monitoring, and victim restitution.
Domestic violence charges will normally include the court issuing a restraining or protective order against the defendant which prohibits any type of contact with the victim and they are required to keep a certain distance. Also, a misdemeanor conviction will normally result in a criminal record that can see by potential employers and others who conduct a criminal background search.
A misdemeanor conviction will not result in a loss of voting rights or your right to own or possess a firearm, unless the conviction was related to domestic violence. However, a misdemeanor conviction can result in some type of disciplinary action for anyone who holds a professional license, such as a doctor, teacher, or lawyer.
It should be noted there are some misdemeanor convictions that can result in mandatory requirements. For instance, if convicted of Penal Code 314, indecent exposure, you could be required to register as a sex offender under Penal Code 290. Finally, most misdemeanor convictions could be expunged under California Penal Code 1203.4 if you successfully complete probation.
Common California “Wobbler” Crimes
As stated, a “wobbler” is a crime that can be charged as either a misdemeanor or felony. In such cases, the prosecutor has the discretion on how to file and it normally depends of the specific circumstances of the case and the defendant's criminal history. The most common “wobblers” include:
- Penal Code 459 – Second-Degree Burglary,
- Penal Code 245(a)(1) - Assault with a Deadly Weapon,
- Penal Code 417 – Brandishing a Weapon,
- Penal Code 487 – Grand Theft,
- Penal Code 503 - Embezzlement,
- Penal Code 273.5 – Corporal Injury to Spouse,
- Penal Code 368 – Elder Abuse,
- Penal Code 422 – Criminal Threats,
- Penal Code 243.4 – Sexual Battery.
Any wobbler that was charged as a misdemeanor crime can't carry more than one year in county jail. Also, if charged with a felony, it's possible to have the crime reduced to a misdemeanor by plea agreement prior to trial or by the motion of the judge.
Contact a Los Angeles Criminal Lawyer for Help
If you were charged with a misdemeanor crime, you need to consult with our Los Angeles criminal defense attorneys to review the details of the case and legal options. We have decades of combined experience and know how to effectively defend anyone facing a misdemeanor offense. We are skilled courtroom negotiators and may be able to get the charges reduced or even dismissed.
Early intervention into your case by our law firm can be crucial to the outcome. Through our prefiling intervention process, we might able to negotiate with the prosecutor to avoid the formal filing of criminal charges. Due to our extensive experience in the field of criminal law, we are very familiar with the local prosecutors and judges in all the Los Angeles County criminal courthouses.
Eisner Gorin LLP is a top-ranked criminal defense law firm located at 1875 Century Park E #705, Los Angeles, CA 90067. We also have an office in the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles County located at 14401 Sylvan St #112 Van Nuys, CA 91401. Contact us for a consultation at (310) 328-3776.